Archaeologists find 1000-year-old Viking sword in the ancient city of Patara in Turkey

Archaeologists find 1000-year-old Viking sword in the ancient city of Patara in Turkey

Archaeologists find 1000-year-old Viking sword in the ancient city of Patara in Turkey

A Viking sword was discovered in the ancient city of Patara in Turkey’s southern Antalya province, believed to date back to the ninth or 10th century.

The sword was discovered during excavation work in Patara, which was once the capital of the ancient city of Lycia.

The newly discovered artefact is definitely a Viking sword, said Feyzullah Şahin, a professor of classical archaeology at Akdeniz University.

Şahin said the sword is believed to belong to a soldier who fought in naval warfare during the first half of the ninth and 10th centuries and provides a hint into the life of the Vikings who served as mercenaries in the Byzantine army.

“Until today, one Viking sword that was discovered during the excavation works carried around Yumuktepe (district) of Muğla (province) was the only material culture remnant that indicated the existence of Vikings in Anatolia,” he said.

“The characteristics of the knob, tang and crossguard can be evaluated within the group of swords that was described by Jan Petersen as ‘K type’ or ‘O Type’,” he added about the newly-discovered blade.

Excavations have been carried out around the area where the sword was discovered for 30 years, under the direction of Akdeniz University professor Havva Işkan Işık.

Old rock tombs in Patara, Turkey.

Remarking the sword is estimated to belong to a Viking soldier during the sea warfare of the East Roman Empire, the professor mentioned that the preserved total length of it is 43.2 centimeters.

Research suggests Vikings put swords in graves as a gift to the deceased person, but it is hard to decipher how this particular sword came to Patara.

Vikings, known as Varangians, served as mercenaries in the Byzantine army beginning at least from the early 10th century. They came to constitute the Varangian Guard, which served as elite bodyguards for Byzantine emperors.

Patara was one of Lycia’s major naval and trading ports, located at the mouth of the Xanthos River. Patara’s oracle at the renowned temple of Apollo (not discovered yet) was said to rival that of Delphi and the temple equaled the reputation of the famous temple on the island of Delos.

It was believed that Apollo lived on Delos during summer but spent his the winters in Patara.

The city surrendered to Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. During the Hellenistic Period, the Lycian Council Building was built.

It is regarded as a symbol of democracy in Lycia and a sign of its ancient glory.

The assembly hall of the Lycian League Vouleuterion in the ancient city Patara, Antalya Province, Turkey.

The Roman general Brutus captured Patara in 42 B.C. The Lycian settlement was then annexed by Emperor Claudius and turned into a magnificent Roman site with mesmerizing beaches along the Mediterranean Sea.

The city later came under Byzantine and Ottoman control. Modern visitors still flock to Patara’s wide, tranquil beaches.

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