Drainage works unearth Roman baths in heart of Jordan’s capital

Drainage works unearth Roman baths in heart of Jordan's capital

Drainage works unearth Roman baths in heart of Jordan’s capital

In the heart of Jordan’s capital, the discovery of the ruins of old Roman baths during the construction of a new drainage system raised a dilemma: how to preserve the ancient history of the country while providing for its modern future?

It is expected that a government committee set up two weeks ago will soon decide whether to expand excavations at the site or go ahead with an underground canal that would divert flood water from the surrounding hills descending on Amman.

Archaeologists and workers carry out excavation at a Roman archaeological site discovered during works to install a water drainage system.

Among the remains of the ancient city of Philadelphia on which Amman was founded, the remains of furnaces are a sign of an elaborate heating system which archaeologists believe is the first such discovery.

“We will balance the needs of the city — to protect it from flooding — to preserving antiquities under the streets,” said Yazid Elayan, head of Jordan’s Department of Antiquities.

“Amman was one of the biggest Roman cities and it has one of the largest baths … Wherever one excavates in Amman, antiquities can be found,” he said.

The work on the drainage system has been suspended while the decision is made.

Amman is an old city where many symbols of Roman civilisation are still visible, from the Amphitheatre that seated 6,000 spectators to the Nymphaeum fountains and the Hercules temple on one of Amman’s highest hills.

Worsening infrastructure and haphazard urban planning have plagued the sprawling city of four million people built on layers of ancient civilisations spanning the Ammonites, Moabites, Romans, Greeks and the Islamic period.

Municipality officials have already expressed concern that delaying the drainage project could raise water levels in central Amman and again flood it during the winter.

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