Priceless Gold Coins Discovered in Ancient ‘Piggy Bank’ in Israel

Priceless Gold Coins Discovered in Ancient ‘Piggy Bank’ in Israel

Priceless Gold Coins Discovered in Ancient ‘Piggy Bank’ in Israel

In an ancient harbor off Israel’s coast, a massive trove of thousand-year-old gold coins was unearthed.

The hoard, discovered by members of an amateur scuba diving club for the first time, is Israel’s largest haul of gold coins ever unearthed.

The finding raises the possibility that an ancient shipwreck, once laden with treasure, might lurk beneath the waves.

The coins were discovered off the coast of Caesarea, a harbor city that was built about 2,000 years ago by King Herod the Great. Caesarea was a prosperous port city that was central to the Fatimid Kingdom at the time when most of the coins were minted. At its peak, the wealthy Fatimid Kingdom ruled a region that spanned most of North Africa and much of the Mediterranean, and had 12 million dinars in its central coffers.

Nearly 2,000 gold coins were discovered off the coast of the ancient city of Caesarea, Israel. The gold coins are about 1,000 years old, and were minted by the Fatimid Caliphate, which ruled much of North Africa at the time.

The diving club who first discovered the coins believed they were toys; they found several gold coins sparkling in the light when they took a closer look. The club’s director reported the discovery, and the Israel Antiquities Authority returned to the site with metal detectors. All told, the team found nearly 2,000 gold coins in mint condition.

“Despite the fact they were at the bottom of the sea for about a thousand years, they did not require any cleaning or conservation intervention from the metallurgical laboratory,” Robert Cole, a numismaticist with the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in a statement.

That’s because gold, as a noble metal, doesn’t react with water or air, Cole added.

The hoard of gold coins discovered in Yavne.

It’s likely that winter storms shifted the sands off the coast, revealing the trove.

The earliest coin in the stash was minted in Italy around the ninth century. Most of the gold coins, which were minted in North Africa and Egypt, were produced during the reigns of the Fatimid caliphs Al-Ḥākim and Al-Ẓāhir, who ruled between A.D. 996 and A.D. 1036. The coins were found in dinar, half-dinar and quarter-dinar denominations, and some of these types of coins were still circulating after the Crusaders conquered Israel in A.D. 1099.

Many of the coins were bent or had teeth marks, which were probably left by the ancient tradesman who inspected the money to make sure they were not adulterated with inferior metals. (Biting on pure gold leaves teeth impressions in the metal, while biting other metals would likely harm your teeth rather than the coin.)

The value of the trove represents a princely sum in ancient times. For instance, 11th- and 12th-century documents known as the Cairo Geniza, which were found in the geniza, or storeroom, of an ancient synagogue in Cairo describe paying hundreds of dinars to free Jewish captives.

It’s not clear exactly how the coins wound up at the bottom of the sea.

“There is probably a shipwreck there of an official treasury boat, which was on its way to the central government in Egypt with taxes that had been collected. Perhaps the treasure of coins was meant to pay the salaries of the Fatimid military garrison, which was stationed in Caesarea and protected the city,” Kobi Sharvit, director of the Marine Archaeology Unit of the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in the statement.

Another possibility is that the booty once belonged on a merchant ship that traded throughout the Mediterranean region but sunk long ago.

This isn’t the first time that archaeologists have found a historic trove of gold. In May 2014, a steamship loaded with tons of gold bullion that sunk in 1857 was discovered off  South Carolina. And in 2013, Israeli archaeologists unearthed hundreds of gold coins and jewellery in a Byzantine trash pit outside of Tel Aviv.

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